With a population of nearly one million in the BMC area in 2015, the city encompasses an area of 161 sq.kms. In comparison, the Bhubaneswar Development Planning Area(BDPA) is home to nearly 1.3 million people spread out over an area of 1,110 sq.kms.
Bhubaneswar has been bestowed with abundant natural resources in terms of forests, hillocks and rich water resources. The city is home to Chandaka-Dampara Reserve Forest (Elephant sanctuary), Bharatpur Reserve Forest (Bird Sanctuary), Nandan Kanan Zoological Park and substantive green cover acting as natural Carbon Sinks. With presence of rivers Daya and Kuakhai along with numerous other natural water bodies in the city limit, Bhubaneswar is endowed with abundant water resources and is well positioned to ensure adequate water supply to new developments.